Thursday, July 31, 2008

Confirmed:Water in Mars

Laboratory tests aboard NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander have identified water in a soil sample. The lander's robotic arm delivered the sample Wednesday to an instrument that identifies vapors produced by the heating of samples. The Phoenix mission is led by Smith at the University of Arizona with project management at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif., and development partnership at Lockheed Martin in Denver. International contributions come from the Canadian Space Agency; the University of Neuchatel, Switzerland; the universities of Copenhagen and Aarhus in Denmark; the Max Planck Institute in Germany; and the Finnish Meteorological Institute.

According to William Boynton of the University of Arizona , evidence for this water ice before in observations by the Mars Odyssey orbiter and in disappearing chunks observed by Phoenix last month but this is the first time Martian water has been touched and tasted.

The soil sample came from a trench approximately 2 inches deep. When the robotic arm first reached that depth, it hit a hard layer of frozen soil. Two attempts to deliver samples of icy soil on days when fresh material was exposed were foiled when the samples became stuck inside the scoop. Most of the material in Wednesday's sample had been exposed to the air for two days, letting some of the water in the sample vaporize away and making the soil easier to handle.

Since landing on May 25, Phoenix has been studying soil with a chemistry lab, TEGA, a microscope, a conductivity probe and cameras. Besides confirming the 2002 finding from orbit of water ice near the surface and deciphering the newly observed stickiness, the science team is trying to determine whether the water ice ever thaws enough to be available for biology and if carbon-containing chemicals and other raw materials for life are present.


Wednesday, July 30, 2008

Made from Viruses

MIT researchers announced that they had found a way to use viruses to assemble tiny components of a battery,says the Discovery News. Basically, they altered the viruses' genetic makeup so that it would produce proteins that attracted molecules of cobalt. When the colbalt built up on the stringy virus, vĂ³ila, you had an ultrathin wire. Such batteries could one day power miniature devices and sensors.

Scientists have a developed a method to fabricate and then position some of the battery components (two opposite electrodes — an anode and cathode — separated by an electrolyte) onto a variety of surfaces.

Scientists create a particular pattern into a clear rubbery material (right). Then, they spread over it several layers of a solution containing two polymers. As they solidify, one solution acts like a battery electrolyte. On top of that, the scientists deposit the genetically altered viruses, which self-assemble into neat formation. They become the anode. (The team is still working to create the cathode.)

With the parts assembled on the rubbery material, the scientists then turn into arts and crafts majors and use that as a stamp. They turn the stamp over and transfer the electrolyte and anode to a platinum structure.

Tips to Fight Global Warming

Found this cool Top 10 tips to fight Global Warming from National Geographic.These are:

1) Replace five incandescent lightbulbs in your home with compact fluorescents: Swapping those 75-watt incandescents with 19-watt CFLs can cut 275 pounds of CO2.

2) Instead of short haul flights of 500 miles or so, take the train and bypass 310 pounds of CO2.

3) Sure it may be hot, but get a fan, set your thermostat to 75 degrees and blow away 363 pounds of CO2.

4) Replace refrigerators more than 10 years old with today's more energy-efficient Energy Star models and save more than 500 pounds of CO2.

5) Shave your eight-minute shower to five minutes for a savings of 513 pounds.

6) Caulk, weatherstrip and insulate your home. If you rely on natural gas heating, you'll stop 639 pounds of CO2 from entering the atmosphere (472 pounds for electric heating). And this summer, you'll save 226 pounds from AC use.

7) Whenever possible, dry your clothes on a line outside or a rack indoors. If you air dry half your loads, you'll dispense with 723 pounds of CO2.

8) Trim down on the red meat. Since it takes more fossil fuels to produce red meat than fish, eggs and poultry, switching to these foods will slim your CO2 emissions by 950 pounds.

9) Leave the car at home and take public transportation to work. Taking the average U.S. commute of twelve miles by light rail will leave you 1,366 pounds of CO2 lighter than driving. The standard, diesel-powered city bus can save 804 pounds, while heavy rail subway users save 288.

10) Finally, support the creation of wind, solar and other renewable energy facilities by choosing green power if offered by your utility.

Tuesday, July 29, 2008

Everybody loves Chuck

Secret Cove Beach Resort

I was watching a show about beach resorts last weekend.I was amazed when they feature the Secret Cove Beach Resort. I wish I could go there.The beach was owned and managed by Filipino & Canadian.It is located at Camiguin which rhymes with “come again,” has been regarded as the most beautiful island in the country. As such, it is also referred to as the Philippines’ “Garden of Eden.” The presence of a number of majestic waterfalls that create both hot and cold springs is only one of the many attractions of this island-paradise. The topography is unmistakably tropical but the ambience is uniquely occidental. A study in contrast, Camiguin is sure to mesmerize anyone who visits with the itch to be back again soon.I wish I was there.

Secret Cove's kitchen offers an excellent selection of local and imported dishes and our Menu is continually added to and improved on with numerous "specials". At Secret Cove Resort run by Canadian Tom Solski and his Camiguinon wife Bida, you’ll find the simple pleasures of Island living and nutritious home cooked food.Secret Cove is located on approximately 1 Acre of land fronting the Mindanao Sea (right across from White Island).They have 4 Air-conditioned rooms and 3 Fan rooms, we are 6 kilometers to the capital Mambajao on the National Highway. and only 4 kilometers to the airport.

To the amazing delight of any visitor, the island is so clean and so very green, full of lavish gifts and bounties with a cool climate. It is rich of volcanic soil which is conducive to any kind of plants, particularly vegetables and fruits, among them the island's famous sweet lanzones and orchids. Camiguin enjoys an abundant potable water supply from its mountain springs and streams. Some baronages are supplied by pure soda water from mountain springs, some get drinking water from the hot or cold water springs. To any visitor, a small place like Camiguin offers a lot of surprises. Natural tourist attractions are only minutes away from each other. Camiguin is the only place in the whole Philippines with seven volcanoes. Its highest peaks are Mt. Tamping (1,580 meters), Mt. Mambajao (1,400 meters) and Mt. Hibok-Hibok (1,250 meters), the latter being the favorite among the mountain climbers. It's the only active volcano among the seven, the last time it erupted in 1951.

Monday, July 28, 2008

PR 2 at last...

I have been quite busy this past few weeks that I have no time to update the posts on my blog.I was surprised when I checked my blog today and its now in PR 2...finally after 5 months.To expect a higher ranking,I submitted my site to almost 1000 free directories, joined Entrecard and add comments to some blogs.

Thursday, July 24, 2008

As small as pinhead

Israeli nanotechnology scientists have succeeded in printing the earlier entire "Old Testament" in Hebrew on a silicon chip "smaller that a pinhead," reports the internet news source Science Daily.The feat was accomplished by shooting a focused beam of tiny particles,called gallium ions, to etch the text onto the gold-covered surface of the chip."The nanobible project demonstrates the miniaturization at our disposal" explains Professor Uri Sivan of the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology.It also paves the way for "storing information in very small spaces."

Wednesday, July 16, 2008

Potable water from the Sea

In an effort to deal with water shortages on islands in the Aegean sea, Greek scientists have built the "world's first autonomous floating, ecological desalination platform," says the Athens News agency.Powered by wind turbines and onboard solar cells, the platform produces enough portable water for the daily needs of about 300 people. The unit is fully operational under adverse weather conditions,can be remotely monitored and operated, and can be moved to wherever it is needed.

Tuesday, July 15, 2008

From Alcohol to Fuel

Until just a years ago,Swedish customs officers used to pour alcohol confiscated from smugglers "down the drain". Now such contraband is "helping fuel the country's public transport system," says an Associated Press report from Stockholm.Nearly all the 185,000 gallons of liquor seized in 2006 was converted into biogas ,an alternative fuel, and "used to power buses,trucks and a biogas train." This fuel "is good business," explains the report, "because the material to make it is free." It is also good because using it helps reduce Sweden's greenhouse emissions.

Monday, July 14, 2008

Techno Shyness

"Email,text messaging and iPods are causing a global epidemic of shyness,"reports Australia's Sunday Telegraph. Robin Abrahams ,psychologist and researcher, mention that shyness in social situations now affects about half the population,which represents a significant rise over past levels. "Technology is enabling us to opt out of difficult situations and causing people to become more insular," according to Abrahams. "People... email or text one another rather than talk.

Thursday, July 10, 2008

Violent Video Games

"Hundreds of ministers and pastors desperate to reach young congregants have drawn concern and criticism through their use of unusual recruiting tool " which is immensely popular but violent video game, reports The New York Times.The game in question is intended for mature audiences.In it the player,who takes on the role of a soldier, has to kill in a number of different ways.This has not prevented the organizers of several Protestant and evangelical youth groups from "stocking their centers with multiple game consoles so dozens of teenagers can flock around big-screen televisions and shoot it out," says the newspaper.

Wednesday, July 9, 2008

I Miss You by Incubus




To see you when I wake up
Is a gift, I didn't think could be real.

To know that you feel the same as I do
Is a three-fold, utopian dream.

You do something to me that I can't explain.
So would I be out of line if I said,
I miss you.

I see your picture, I smell your skin on the empty pillow next to mine.
You have only been gone ten days, but already I'm wasting away.

I know I'll see you again,
whether far or soon.

But I need you to know that I care
and I miss you.

Monday, July 7, 2008

You are who you are for a REASON



You are who you are for a reason.
You're part of an intricate plan.
You're a precious and perfect unique design,
Called God's special woman or man.

You look like you look for a reason.
Our God made no mistake.
He knit you together within the womb.
You're just what He wanted to make.

The parents you had were the ones He chose,
And no matter how you may feel,
They were custom-designed with God's plan in mind,
And they bear the Master's seal.

No, that trauma you faced was not easy.
And God wept that it hurt you so;
But it was allowed to shape your heart
So that into His likeness you'd grow.

You are who you are for a reason,
You've been formed by the Master's rod.
You are who you are, beloved,
Because there is a God!


Friday, July 4, 2008

So Small by Carrie Underwood



What you got if you ain't got love
the kind that you just want to give away
It's okay to open up
go ahead and let the light shine through
I know it's hard on a rainy day
you want to shut the world out and just be left alone
But don't run out on your faith


'Cause sometimes that mountain you've been climbing is just a grain of sand
What you've been up there searching for
forever is in your hands
When you figure out love is all that matters after all
It sure makes everything else
seem so small


It's so easy to get lost inside
a problem that seems so big at the time
it's like a river thats so wide
it swallows you whole
While you sit around thinking about what you can't change
and worrying about all the wrong things
time's flying by
moving so fast
you better make it count 'cause you can't get it back


Sometimes that mountain you've been climbing is just a grain of sand
What you've been up there searching for
forever is in your hands
When you figure out love is all that matters after all
It sure makes everything else
Seem so small

Sometimes that mountain you've been climbing is just a grain of sand
What you've been up there searching for
forever is in your hands
When you figure out love is all that matters after all
It sure makes everything else
Oh it sure makes everything else
Seem so small

Yeah, Yeah

Thursday, July 3, 2008

Identities Stolen

A growing number of children are victims of identity theft,with potentially devastating impact on their future credit rating and relationships,says The Wall Street Journal.Such crimes,usually committed by a family member, can go undetected for decades."Most people don't realize that someone has been illegally using their identity..until they apply for their first job,a driver's license, a student loan or a mortgage," explain the newspaper.Some find out earlier if a credit agency attempts to collect debts that have accumulated in the victim's name.

Wednesday, July 2, 2008

Biometric Technology

Biometrics is a general term used alternatively to describe a characteristic or a process.As a characteristic, It is a measurable biological (anatomical and physiological) and behavioral characteristic that can be used for automated recognition.As a process, automated methods of recognizing an individual based on measurable biological (anatomical and physiological) and behavioral characteristics.

In todays world biometric technology has advanced to the state where identification and authentication of people is available via a number of different routes.These are some of the technologies presented by the NSTC Subcommittee on Biometrics and Identity Management.



Finger Print Recognition


Fingerprint recognition is one of the most well-known and publicized biometrics.Because of their uniqueness and consistency over time,fingerprints have been used for identification for over century, more recently becoming more automated due to advancements in computing capabilities.



Palm Print Recognition


Palm Print Recognition inherently implements many of the same matching characteristic that have allowed fingerprint recognition to be one of the most well-known and best publicized biometrics.Both palm and finger biometrics are represented by the information presented in a friction ridge impression.

This information combines ridge flow,ridge characteristics, and ridge structure of the raised portion of the epidermis.The data represented by these friction ridge impressions allows determination that corresponding areas of friction ridge impressions either original from the same source or could not have been made by the same source.Because fingerprints and palms have both uniqueness and permanence,they have been used for over a century as a trusted form of identification.However,palm recognition has been slower in becoming automated due to some restraints in computing capabilities and live-scan technologies.


Hand Geometry

Hand geometry recognition is the longest implemented biometric type,debuting in the market in the late 1980s.The systems are widely implemented for their ease of use,public acceptance, and integration capabilities.One of the shortcomings of the hand geometry characterisrics is that it is not highly unique,limiting the applications of the hand geometry system to verification tasks only.

Hand geometry recognition systems are widely used for applications in physical access,attendance tracking, and personal verification.


Dynamic Signature

Dynamic Signature verification is a biometric that can be easily integrated into existing systems because of the availability and prevalence of signature digitizers and the public's acceptance of the characteristic collection.On the downside,signature recognition can only be used for verification purposes and intraclass variability can cause non-ideal performance for some applications.


Vascular Pattern Recognition

Vascular Pattern Recognition,also commonly reffered to as Vein Pattern Authentication,is a fairly new biometric in terms of installed systems.Using near-infrared light,reflected or transmitted images of blood vessels of a hand or finger are derived and used for personal recognition.Different vendors use different parts of the hand,palm or fingers, but rely on a similar methodology.Researchers have determined that the vascular pattern of the human body is unique to a specific individual and does not change as people age.


Iris Recognition

Iris Recognition is the process of recognizing a person by analyzing the random pattern of the iris.The automated method of iris recognition is relatively young,existing in patent only since 1994.

Although the coloration and structure of the iris is genetically linked, the details of the patterns are not.The iris develops during prenatal growth through a process of tight forming and folding of the tissue membrane.Prior to birth,degeneration occurs, resulting in the pupil opening and the random,unique patterns of the iris.Although geneticall identical, an individual's irides are unique and structurally distinct,which allows for it to be used for recognition purposes.



Face Recognition

Human often use faces to recognize individuals and advancements in computing capability over the past few decades now enable similar recognitions automatically.Early face recognition algorithm used simple geometric models,but the recognition process has now matures into a science of sophisticated mathematical representations and matching processes.Face recognition can be used for both verification and identification.



Speaker Recognition

Speaker,or voice, recognition is a biometric modality that uses an individual's voice for recognition purposes.It is different technology than "speech recognition",which recognizes words as they are articulated,which is not a biometric.The speaker recognition process relies on features influenced by both the physical structure of an individual's vocal tract and the behavioral characteristics of the individual.

Tuesday, July 1, 2008

Different uses of baking soda

Baking soda is found in its natural forms in mineral deposits found throughout the world. Sodium bicarbonate is actually a naturally occurring ‘substance’ that you can find affecting all living creatures and things by maintaining the ph balance and the carbon dioxide through out the world. The use of baking soda, or sodium bicarbonate, was not founded until the late 1840’s after the first deposits of sodium bicarbonate had been discovered. It has different uses in the household. Although much more expensive products have been developed over the years to do the same jobs, baking soda can work for you just as well, if not better. It can be use in the following ways:


1. To make your own baking powder, stir and sift together 2 parts of Cream of Tartar to 1 part baking soda and 1 part cornstarch.
2. Be sure to keep an extra box of baking soda by your stove in case of grease or electrical fire. Scatter the powder by the handful to safely put it out.
3. Keep a container of baking soda in your garage as well as in your car to put out a fire. It won't damage anything it touches.
4. Baking soda will also put out fires in clothing, fuel, wood, upholstery and rugs.
5. Clean vegetables and fruit with baking soda. Sprinkle in water, soak and rise the produce.
6. Wash garbage cans with baking soda.
7. Soak and wash diapers with baking soda.
8. Oil and grease - stained clothing washes out better with soda added to the washing water.
9. Clean your fridge and freezer with dry soda sprinkled on a damp cloth. rinse with clear water.
10. Deodorize your fridge and freezer by putting in an open container of baking soda to absorb odors. Stir and turn over the soda from time to time. Replace every 2 months.

11. Soda absorbs kitty litter odors. Cover the bottom of the kitty box with 1 part soda; then add a layer of 3 parts kitty litter on top.
12. Always add 1/2 cup soda to your washing machine load.
13. Clean combs and brushes in a soda solution.
14. Wash food and drink containers with soda and water.
15. Wash marble-topped furniture with a solution of 3 tablespoons of soda in 1 quart of warm water. Let stand awhile, then rinse.
16. Clean formica counter tops with baking soda on a damp sponge.
17. Wash out thermos bottles and cooling containers with soda and water to get rid of stale smells.
18. To remove stubborn stains from marble, formica or plastic surfaces, scour with a paste of soda and water.
19. Wash glass or stainless steel coffee pots (but not aluminum) in a soda solution ( 3 tbsp. soda to 1 quart water).
20. Run you coffee maker through its cycle with a soda solution. Rinse.

21. Give baby bottles a good cleaning with soda and hot water.
22. Sprinkle soda on barbecue grills, let soak, then rinse off.
23. Sprinkle soda on greasy garage floor. Let stand, scrub and rinse.
24. Polish silverware with dry soda on a damp cloth. Rub, rinse and dry.
25. For silver pieces without raised patterns or cemented-on handles: place the silver on aluminum foil in an enamel pot. Add boiling water and 4 tbsp. baking soda. Let stand, rinse and dry.
26. Reduce odor build-up in your dishwasher by sprinkling some soda on the bottom.
27. Run your dishwasher through its cycle with soda in it instead of soap to give it a good cleaning.
28. To remove burned-on food from a pan: let the pan soak in soda and water for 10 minutes before washing. Or scrub the pot with dry soda and a moist scouring pad.
29. For a badly-burned pan with a thick layer of burned-on food: pour a thick layer of soda directly onto the bottom of the pan, then sprinkle on just enough water so as to moisten the soda. Leave the pot overnight, then scrub it clean next day.
30. Rub stainless steel and chrome with a moist cloth and dry baking soda to shine it up. Rinse and dry. On stainless steel, scrub in the direction of the grain.

31. Clean plastic, porcelain and glass with dry soda on a damp cloth. Rinse and dry.
32. Remove that bad smell from ashtrays with soda and water.
33. Sprinkle a bit of dry soda in your ashtrays to prevent smoldering and reduce odor.
34. Clean your bathroom with dry soda on a moist sponge - sink, tub, tiles, shower stall, etc.
35. Keep your drains clean and free-flowing by putting 4 tablespoons of soda in them each week. Flush the soda down with hot water.
36. Soak your shower curtains in water and soda to clean them.
37. To remove strong odors from your hands, wet your hands and rub them hard with soda, then rinse.
38. Sprinkle baking soda on your wet toothbrush and brush your teeth and dentures with it.
39. Sprinkle soda in tennis shoes, socks, boots and slippers to eliminate odor.
40. Add 1/2 cups or more of baking soda to your bath water to soften your skin.

41. Putting 2 tbsp. of baking soda in your baby's bath water will help relieve diaper rash irritations.
42. Apply soda directly to insect bites, rashes and poison ivy to relieve discomfort. Make a paste with water.
43. Take a soda bath to relieve general skin irritations such as measles and chicken pox.
44. Take 1/2 teaspoon of baking soda in 1/2 glass of water to relieve acid indigestion or heartburn.
45. Gargle with 1/2 tsp. baking soda in 1/2 glass of water. Freshens and cleans your mouth.
46. Used as a mouthwash, baking soda will also relieve canker sore pain.
47. To relieve sunburn: use a paste of baking soda and water.
48. Bug bites: use a poultice of baking soda and vinegar.
49. Bee sting: use a poultice of baking soda and water.
50. Windburns: moisten some baking soda and apply directly.

51. Making Play Clay with baking soda: combine 1 1/4 cups water, 2 cups soda, 1 cup cornstarch.
52. Use soda as an underarm deodorant.
53. If your baby spits up on his shirt after feeding, moisten a cloth, dip it in baking soda and dab at the dribbled shirt. The odor will go away.
54. When scalding a chicken, add 1 tsp. of soda to the boiling water. The feathers will come off easier and flesh will be clean and white.
55. Repel rain from windshield. Put gobs of baking soda on a dampened cloth and wipe windows inside and out.
56. Add to water to soak dried beans to make them more digestible.
57. Add to water to remove the "gamey" taste from wild game.
58. Use to sweeten sour dishcloths.
59. Use dry with a small brush to rub canvas handbags clean.
60. Use to remove melted plastic bread wrapper from toaster. Dampen cloth and make a mild abrasive with baking soda.